Congenital Heart Defects

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Note: A separate Healthcare Provider Version is not included for this condition due to the wide range of resources already available.

Print a PDF of all CHD information.
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Congenital heart defects (CHDs) refers to a group of conditions causing one or more abnormalities in the structure of the heart.  CHDs may be isolated (not appear with any other conditions) or occur as part of a genetic condition. 

About 8 out of every 1,000 newborns have a CHD. These CHDs can range from mild to severe.  Some CHDs may cause serious symptoms at birth and require immediate surgery. Other heart defects may not be diagnosed until teenage or adult years. 

The term critical congenital heart disease or CCHD is a term used to mean any heart defect that is present at birth that causes less oxygen in the blood. Congenital heart disease and congenital heart defects are often used interchangeably. 

Learn more about the physical characteristics and/or symptoms of Congenital Heart Defects. 

This information was last updated in May 2022.